The Power MOSFET P-Channel FQP27P06 is an Enhancement Mode MOSFET that can handle up to 60V @ 27A.
- Power MOSFET P-Channel FQP27P06
KEY FEATURES OF POWER MOSFET P-CHANNEL FQP27P06:
- P-Channel Power Enhancement Mode MOSFET
- Up to 60V and 27A power handling capability
- RDS(on) = 70mΩ at -10Vgs
- Partially 5V Logic compatible
MOSFET stands for Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor which is why we just call it a MOSFET for short. Enhancement mode means that when the device has zero Gate voltage relative to the Source, the device is off. This is denoted by the schematic symbol with the broken line which indicates that it does not conduct when there is no Gate voltage.
Power MOSFETs are most often used a switches where they are turned fully ON or OFF to control a load such as a motor or high power LEDs. They are ideally suited for this because when the MOSFET is turned fully ON (Saturation Region), it has a very low resistance and can pass a lot of current without much power being dissipated in the device similar to a mechanical switch. When they are turned OFF (Cut-Off Region), they act as an open circuit much like a mechanical switch would when it is off.
For some applications MOSFETs are also used in their Linear Region where they are are partially conducting, such as for an amplifier, analog fan speed controller or battery charger.
When used for switching power to a load, P-Channel MOSFETs are typically used on the high side which means they are placed between the load and the power supply voltage.
Example Logic Controlled P-Channel Power MOSFET Circuits
P-Channel MOSFETs are typically connected with the Source of the device connected to the load power supply voltage and the drain connected to the load.
The MOSFET is turned ON by driving the gate LOW relative to the Source voltage and it is turned OFF by driving the gate toward the Source voltage. This limits its use to switching 5V if you are driving it directly from a 5V uC pin. An example circuit is shown to the right.
A 10K pull-up resistor on the gate will help to ensure that the MOSFET will be kept in the OFF state when the uC is powering up and the outputs are floating.
A series resistor of about 150 ohms between the uC and the gate helps to ensure any surge currents stay within safe limits of the uC. An example circuit to control a 5V load directly from a uC output pin is shown to the right.
If using this device with a 5V uC, it is possible to drive the MOSFET gate directly from an digital output pin as shown in the example circuit here but the current will be limited to about 5A.
If you want to switch a higher voltage load such as a 12V motor, you will need to use a small transistor, MOSFET driver or similar to switch the gate at the Source voltage of 12V to drive the MOSFET completely off.
An example of this type of circuit is shown to the right.
P-Channel MOSFET Theory of Operation
MOSFET spec sheets can look pretty complicated, but for many applications we just need to pay attention to a few key parameters that are explained here.
Note that because the device is typically hooked up with the Source connected to the positive voltage which is opposite of an N-Channel device, many of these are spec’d as a negative voltage or current because of the opposite point of reference.
VDS : Drain-To-Source Voltage is the maximum voltage that the device can be used to switch. If you’re switching 12V, you need a device with a VDS > -12V and usually you want something with a fair amount of safety margin.
ID : Continuous Drain Current is the maximum current that the device can handle. this will often be specified under several conditions such as at 25C room temperature and at 100C or similar high operating temperature. Achieving the maximum current through the device assumes that you are driving it fully on and that appropriate heat sinking is applied. If you have a device that draws 10A, you need an ID > -10A. Generally the higher the ID rating of the device compared to the amount of current you need to pass though it, the easier it will be to manage thermals.
VGS : Gate Voltage is the negative voltage differential between the Gate and the Source which is how hard the MOSFET is being driven.
VGS(th) : Gate Threshold Voltage is the voltage at which the MOSFET starts to conduct. Any voltage higher than this will drive the MOSFET to the OFF state known as the Cut-Off Region.
RDS(on) : Static Drain-to-Source On-Resistance is the minimum resistance of the MOSFET when it is driven to the fully ON state known as the Saturation Region. The key to look for here is that RDS(on) may be specified at one or a couple of VGS voltages.
If it is spec’d at -10V only, the part is not logic compatible and needs something close to 10V to drive it into saturation. This means a MOSFET driver, transistor or some other means is required to drive the gate with something close to 10V.
If there are two voltages listed, the highest voltage will be the voltage at which the device is fully saturated and show the lowest resistance, often -10V. The lower voltage is often around -4.5V and shows the resistance if you were to drive it directly off of 5V logic. Having this specified implies that the device is at least partially 5V logic compatible even if it isn’t being driven to full saturation.
Looking at the example spec sheet entry below, this is telling us that to drive the MOSFET to full saturation requires a VGS voltage of -10V where max resistance is 3.4mOhm. If we were to drive it instead at -4.5V directly off of 5V logic, the resistance goes up to 5.2mOhm which is an increase of about 60%.
A device like this can be driven directly off of 5V logic, but because its internal resistance has gone up, it will drop 60% more voltage and dissipate 60% more power/heat in the device for the same current. From a practical standpoint, this means it can handle about 60% the full rated current than it could handle if it was driven at -10V. I would consider this as being mostly 5V logic compatible. If you are using a 60A device to control a 20A load for instance, this will generally be fine. If you need 40A out of it, then you will need to drive it harder.
|120W (requires heat sink)
|Plastic Tab, 3-lead, through hole
|Fairchild / ON Semi